Lely was once born Pieter van der Faes to Dutch mom and dad in Soest in Westphalia, the place his father was once an officer serving within the militia of the Elector of Brandenburg. Lely studied portray in Haarlem, the place he can have been apprenticed to Pieter de Grebber. He grew to become a grasp of the Guild of Saint Luke in Haarlem in 1637. he's reputed to have followed the surname "Lely" from a heraldic lily at the gable of the home the place his father used to be born within the Hague.
He arrived in London in round 1641, which used to be marked by means of the demise of Anthony van Dyck in December. His early English work, as a rule mythological or non secular scenes, or photographs set in a pastoral panorama, express affects from Anthony van Dyck and the Dutch baroque. Lely's graphics have been good got, and he succeeded Anthony van Dyck because the most trendy portrait artist in England. He grew to become a freeman of the Painter-Stainers' corporation in 1647 and was once portrait artist to Charles I. His expertise ensured that his occupation used to be no longer interrupted through Charles's execution, and he served Oliver Cromwell, whom he painted "warts and all", and Richard Cromwell.
After the English recovery in 1660, Lely was once appointed as Charles II's central Painter in traditional in 1661, with a stipend, as Van Dyck had loved within the earlier Stuart reign. Lely turned a naturalized English topic in 1662. The younger Robert Hooke got here to London to stick with an apprenticeship with Lely prior to being given a spot at Westminster university via Richard Busby.
Demand used to be excessive, and Lely and his huge workshop have been prolific. After Lely painted a sitter's head, Lely's scholars could usually whole the portrait in a single of a chain of numbered poses. hence, Lely is the 1st English painter who has left "an huge, immense mass of work", even if the standard of studio items is variable.